Tag Archives: eDMS

Montrium Connect Compliance Concerns

Hello good people of the world! Today we’re talking about a specific Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) product: Montrium’s Connect. Montrium offers a number of modules in their Connect software (Document Management, Training, CAPA, Incidents, etc.) Today I’ll focus on the Document Management module.

What makes Montrium’s offering unique is that is it built on top of Microsoft Sharepoint. I previously talked about Sharepoint Online with respect to compliance concerns here (a little out-of-date, but still relevant).

The first point I’ll make is having the application built on Sharepoint brings some significant advantages and disadvantages. The primary advantage I see, in comparison with other electronic Document Management Systems (eDMS), is that Sharepoint uses Microsoft’s Office Online suite, and arguably the world’s best online word processor: Word. I am not aware of any online word processor as fully featured as this one. I have used other eDMSs that have their own word processor and having less features can be really frustrating.

That said, Sharepoint also brings it’s clunky user interface and outdated Active Server Page (.aspx) architecture. The application won’t feel as snappy as modern websites, and you’ll see page reloads for things that would be handled by a component re-render in more modern applications. Overall the application feels very slow. I found myself having to wait minutes sometimes for items moving through a workflow to pop up in my task list.

An example of Montrium / Sharepoint UI

The first thing that struck me with the compliance aspect of Montrium’s offering is that they have categorized their Connect SOP (which is the brand name for the Document Management Module) as GAMP category 3 software. GAMP category 3 is commerical-off-the-shelf (COTS) non-configurable software. I don’t know how they consider this software non-configurable, because there is a lot of configuration options that change how it functions, including workflows. This results in end-users not creating a configuration specification and not testing the configuration to their specific intended use. This could be a compliance risk.

Another thing I noticed is the audit trail functionality. There is no interface for audit trail, instead it is automatically exported a protected Excel file every 28 days. I find it strange that the audit trail would not be available in real-time, and think this could introduce some compliance risk. It also falls into the trap of including at least some non-human readable data. See the example below:

Audit Trail Example

So just a couple points of concern with Montrium’s Connect software in a regulated use case.

What has your experience with Montrium Connect been? What is your favorite eDMS? Comment below.

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Compliance in the Cloud: SaaS, PaaS, and IaaS

Hello good people of the world! Today’s post is the first in a series on compliant software in the cloud. Cloud software is characterized by running strictly in a web browser; no software is installed on a client’s local hard drive. Cloud software has significant advantages for users and vendors alike, so it is no surprise that it has become the standard for modern personal and business software applications.

It should also not be surprising that cloud software has made it’s way into compliant industries such as medical device, pharmaceutical, and biologic manufacturing, which is the focus of this blog. Vendors and customers alike want the advantages that cloud software bring.

And what are the main advantages? It’s all about distribution. With cloud software, vendors can push new features to users without any downtime or need for manual upgrading, installation, etc. Vendors can monitor software use, responding to bugs much more quickly, and can make improvements based on how users are actually using the software, without any additional overhead for the user.

It has been demonstrated that the data collected through the routine use of cloud software can be immensely valuable, and there’s the added bonus of what insights could be gained when Artificial Intelligence (AI)/Machine Learning (ML) is applied to these big data sets.

Current commercial offerings are often categories into three categories:

  • Software as a Service (SaaS)
  • Platform as a Service (PaaS)
  • Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

Going from top to bottom, IaaS is a service offering typically offering server hardware, server virtualization, data storage, and networking. PaaS would offer all that and additionally server operating system(s), middleware (such as load balancing software, malware protection, etc.), and runtime applications such as databases. SaaS would then offer all that and the specific software application to boot.


  • IaaS: DigitalOcean, Rackspace, Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, Google Cloud Platform (GCP)
  • PaaS: Heroku, Windows Azure, Google App Engine
  • SaaS: Dropbox, Salesforce, Zoom, Facebook

In medical device, pharmaceutical, and biologic manufacturing companies may use IaaS and/or PaaS to outsource some of their IT needs, and may use SaaS products for such functions as Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), electronic Document Management (eDMS), Laboratory Information Management (LIMS), etc.

Stay tuned for future blog posts on the subject of compliant cloud computing concerns, including: existing solutions, the validation life-cycle, regulatory documentation expectations, data integrity concerns, 483s, and CSA (Computer Software Assurance).

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SharePoint 2013 in a GMP Environment


Hello good people of the world! Today’s post is about implementing and using Microsoft SharePoint 2013 in a regulated (GMP) environment.

Microsoft has published a comprehensive guide to SharePoint 21CFR11 compliance, which can be downloaded for free here.

Basic software requirements are:

Continue reading SharePoint 2013 in a GMP Environment